Dep. of Traditional Music - 國立臺灣戲曲學院
Dep. of Traditional Music

 The major goal of the Department of Traditional Chinese Music is to cultivate professional musicians who are able to compose and perform music for Chinese theatrical performances. The department offers a ten-year curriculum that educates students from the fifth grade (elementary school), through junior college.

The curriculum of the Department of Traditional Chinese Music trains students in the professional skills of the wen wu chang (or Chinese Opera orchestra), for Peking Opera, Taiwanese Opera, Hakka Opera etc. The wen wu chang is made up of a variety of different string and wind instruments, including: the two-stringed huqin, the kezaixian (a mid-pitch coconut shell string instrument), the yueqin (moon guitar), the sanxian (three string guitar), the yangqin(dulcimer),the di (bamboo flute), the sheng (reed pipe), and the suona (woodwind horn). In addition to string and wind instruments, the wen wu chang also includes percussion instruments such as the ban (wood block), the danpigu (single-sided drum),daluo and zhongluo (large and medium-siaed gonegs),and the naobo (cymbals). By blowing, plucking, pulling and striking (the four ways of playing Chinese wen wu chang instruments), musicians are able to accompany the actors* movements and singing, and create the right mood for a particular scene or setting. Performers are able to play traditional Chinese music forms such as Beiguan (the northern form), Nanguan (or southern form), and Kun Opera. In addition, they are able to accompany local theatrical performance styles such as old Taiwanese Opera, Chegu Opera (a miniature opera performed by one female character and one clown), and Gaojia Opera.

The curriculum of the Traditional Chinese Music Department includes courses in traditional Chinese and Western music theory, basic music skills, harmonies, counterpoint, musical forms, and the history of Chinese and Western music. The intent of the department is to train students in Chinese, Western, and local music theory and give them opportunities to combine Western and Chinese instruments and styles, with the hopes of involving them in the growth and development of the field of theatre music. Students are encouraged to revive the structure and implementation of the wen wu chang and give new meanings to traditional music, which will in turn, provide a brighter future for the department.


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